"Statue of Liberty"
Материал из ЗапоВики
Статья знакомит с символом американской демократии и независимости - Статуей Свободы. История происхождения и значение статуи для всей страны и её жителей. Материал статьи может быть использован для проведения уроков в 8 классе по теме ‘The USA’.
Язык статьи – английский
The history of the Statue of Liberty is the story of more than a simple monument. It is a symbol of freedom and democracy to millions of people throughout the world.
The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was a gift of friendship from the people of France. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, designated as a National Monument in 1924 and restored for her centennial on July 4, 1986.
Who were the people behind the Statue?
Edouard de Laboulaye - The "Father of the Statue of Liberty" Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi - The sculptor who designed the Statue. Eugene Viollet-le-Duc - The original architect hired to design a support structure for it. Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel - The architect/engineer who replaced Viollet-le-Duc to design the Statue's internal support. William Maxwell Evarts - The chairman of the American Committee for the Statue. Richard Butler - The secretary of the American Committee. Richard Morris Hunt - The famous architect who designed the pedestal. Charles P. Stone - The chief engineer for the construction of the pedestal. Joseph Pulitzer - The newspaper publisher who raised the money needed to complete this construction. Emma Lazarus - The poetess who wrote "The New Colossus" to help raise money.
• Engineer Gustave Eiffel, who would later design the Eiffel Tower in Paris, designed Liberty’s “spine.” Inside the statue four huge iron columns support a metal framework that holds the thin copper skin. • Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi knew he wanted to build a giant copper goddess; he used his mother as the model. • The statue was the tallest structure in the U.S. at that time. • Seven rays in the crown represent the Earth’s seven seas.
The Statue of Liberty, one of New York’s most popular tourist attractions, has captivated travelers from every corner of the world for over one hundred years. One of the most recognizable and well-known women in the world, the Statue of Liberty has a resume that would make any movie star jealous!
Did you know?
The Statue's parts remained unassembled for nearly a year until the pedestal was completed in 1886. The U.S. Lighthouse Board cared for the statue as the first electric lighthouse or "navigational aid" 1886 - 1902, followed by the War Department 1902 - 1933 and since 1933 she has been cared for by employees of the National Park Service.
Ellis Island is not its own National Park site. It was added to the National Park system in May of 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. It is part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument and was opened to the public as a museum of immigration in 1990.
--Михалюк Валентина Богданівна 18:43, 9 марта 2012 (EET)