The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the Tudor dynasty.
The Tudor Rose has a rich and bloody history as England's royal floral emblem. It was created after a civil war and is one of England's most cherished symbols.
The Tudor Rose first appeared as a royal emblem in 1486. The Lancaster family, with a red rose as their crest, and the York family, who had a white rose symbol, fought for the throne. The "War of the Roses" ended when Henry Tudor defeated Richard III. When Tudor, or King Henry VII, married Elizabeth of York in January 1486, the two families united, creating the Tudor dynasty. Henry VII made the red-and-white Tudor Rose the new royal symbol.
The design of the Tudor Rose represented unity and loyalty by combining features of both the white York and red Lancaster roses. The emblem's base is a Lancaster red five-petal rose resting on green foliage. In its center is the York white rose, also with five petals. The Tudor Rose did not gain prominence as an architectural design feature until the 1900s, when it adorned the exterior of many public buildings. Each British monarch since 1486 has worn the Tudor Rose badge as the official insignia of England and the United Kingdom.
The Tudor rose remains deeply entrenched in the culture of England. Its design may be seen on buildings, uniforms and even the currency. The Tudor rose is also the plant badge a flower or plant emblem denoting a nation of the country and is included in the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom. It is also featured on the Canadian coat of arms. From the court of Henry VIII to the modern 20-pence coin, the Tudor Rose plays a vital part in English history.
Materials for the lesson
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The Tudor Rose by Margaret Campbell Barnes
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--Вовк Ольга 00:39, 30 марта 2012 (EEST)